Skip to content

How a Share Incentive Plan (SIP) works

Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin
Share on email
Share Incentive schemes, SIPS shares and how they work cover book

Sharesave (SAYE) schemes are of great benefit to both you and your employees. Sharesave schemes keep employees more motivated than traditional compensation plans and ensure those employees have the same goals as management. Sharesave schemes also create a more positive company culture and reduce employee turnover. Not to mention – these schemes are the most tax efficient way to compensate your employees.

But there’s another employee share scheme that provides exactly the same benefits – a Share Incentive Plan (SIP).


What’s a Share Incentive Plan (SIP)?

In a SIP, an employee makes monthly deductions from their paycheck of a fixed amount they choose. The company then uses those monthly deductions to purchase shares for the participant. Share Incentive Plans generally last for five years, at which point the employees can receive their profit without tax – or at least, a much smaller tax burden.


What are the employee benefits?

The benefits to the employee are immense. The monthly deductions from their payroll come from their pre-tax earnings. Depending on the jurisdiction, and the participant’s tax bracket – this could mean that when they purchase their shares, they receive an effective discount of up to 40%… or more.

Most companies offer matching shares. This means that, for example, for every ten shares you purchase through the SIP, the company gives you an extra one – free. In some companies, the ratio is even better. And there are companies that offer free shares – these are, well, free shares. But they’re tied to performance targets rather than to timelines or deductions.

And then there are the dividends. Every year, the company receives a dividend – its essential interest. The company can distribute this back into the plan, giving participants extra shares, or maybe cash.

Naturally – when you start adding up all these features, the benefits of a SIP to employees are clear. But what about the benefits to employers?


Benefits to the company

With all those benefits for employees, you might be wondering how there can still be benefits to the employer. That’s the great thing about employee share schemes – they’re a win-win.

The costs of launching and operating the scheme are tax-deductible. Likewise for the costs of the matching and free shares.

SIPs are also very flexible plans. You can combine rewarding loyalty (length of plan) with rewarding performance (free shares). That way, you can be sure your plan brings out the best in your employees.


Things to consider

By this point, you might be thinking – well, that all sounds great! But before you rush off and start implementing a Share Incentive Plan for your company, you need to keep a few things in mind when you’re designing it.

You need to make sure that you balance the needs of the company – long term employee retention – with designing a plan that employees actually want to join. A lot of companies offer SIPs for five years, but you might want to consider a plan of three years (if your jurisdictions allow it). At a time when the average employee stays with a company for two years, three years is already an improvement. Besides, not many people want to tie themselves down to a financial investment for five years, no matter how much they like their job.

Along with this, you need to consider what features your plan is going to offer to employees. Are you going to offer matching shares and free shares? It’s possible to not offer any – and the employees will still be making a smart, pre-tax investment – but these extra shares make the plan far more attractive. And what are you going to do with the annual dividends? The answers to these questions will be different for every company, but it’s important to consider each one based on how it makes your plan more attractive to employees.


Are Share Incentive Plans risky?

This is the main difference between a SIP and a Sharesave scheme – Share Incentive Plans do involve risk. Because the participants receive shares at the end of the plan, and cannot simply take their savings pot back, there is more risk.

However, the many benefits to employees – the investment comes from pre-tax earnings, the matching and free shares, and the dividends – generally offsets the risks, even if the share price has dropped. It’s important that both the risk and the ways a SIP offsets this risk are communicated effectively to participants.

A SIP can help your company get to the next level – let Global Shares help you bring out the best in your plan. 

Contact us, to see what our award-winning equity compensation software and support can do for you today.


Please Note: This publication contains general information only and Global Shares is not, through this article, issuing any advice, be it legal, financial, tax-related, business-related, professional or other. The Global Shares Academy is not a substitute for professional advice and should not be used as such. Global Shares does not assume any liability for reliance on the information provided herein.

Share this article:

Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin
Share on email

Enjoy our latest posts

Editors’ Picks

Food for Thought

Sign up to receive bite sized brainfood on a range of topics that will help your business grow.