In the US, we have employee stock purchase plans (ESPPs) which are broad-based and tax-efficient to allow employees to buy company shares at a discount. In Ireland, there’s also a broad-based tax-efficient share scheme called ”Save As You Earn” (SAYE or ShareSave) to promote employee ownership.
If you, as a foreign parent company, want to establish a SAYE scheme for your Irish subsidiaries which you have control over, you can seek approval for it.
In this guide, we will focus on discussing the SAYE scheme in Ireland (or Irish Sharesave scheme).
What is an Irish SAYE scheme and how it works
A SAYE scheme is a tax-efficient savings-related share option scheme, available for private and public companies including non Irish parent companies that want to create a scheme for their Irish subsidiaries.
It’s completely voluntary whether you want to join or not but your employer must offer the scheme to ALL employees with 3 years’ service or more. (Some employers may also offer it to employees with less service.)
To participate in it, you need to enter into a formal SAYE savings contract. When the contract begins, employees are granted the option (i.e. the right) to buy shares at a future date at a discounted purchase price (i.e. option price), using their accumulated savings from their salary.
i) Before operating the scheme
Formal approval by the Irish Revenue Commissioners (IRC) is required before a company can launch a SAYE scheme in Ireland to its employees. Read here to learn more about applications for approval.
ii) To Begin your savings contract, you’ll
- Choose how much you want to invest: Able to save between €12 and €500 per month under a SAYE contract. Savings are post-tax (i.e., after tax, USC and PRS) and are made by payroll deduction.
- Choose how long you want to invest: 3, 5 or 7 years. Your employer may have decided it for you.
- Be confirmed the option price: The price you will be able to purchase (exercise) the shares at when the scheme ends. It can be at the market value or a discount of up to 25% of the market value of the shares at the date of grant of the option.
iii) When the contract ends, you’ll have 2 options:
- Buy shares: You can use your savings to buy some or all of the shares at the option price.
- Decide to not purchase (exercise) the shares and have all your savings returned. This may happen if the market value of the shares has fallen below the option exercise price.
An Irish SAYE plan is an all-employee plan which means all eligible employees must be invited to participate and the shares must form part of the ordinary share capital. The details are below:
– an employee or full-time director of the company or participating company in the case of a group scheme; OR
– has been such an employee or full-time director during a qualifying period set by the employer; OR
– is chargeable to income tax in respect of that office or employment under Schedule E.
– Be granted to all eligible employees and directors on similar terms, e.g. based on salary or years’ service, and
– Be fully paid up, not redeemable and not subject to any restrictions
– Must form part of the ordinary share capital
Benefits of a SAYE for employees
- No tax is charged on the grant of the share option
- No income tax is charged on the exercise of the share option*
- Don’t have to pay income tax and DIRT on interest and any bonus earned on the savings at the end of the scheme
- Any gains (i.e. the difference between the sale price and the purchase price) likely to be covered by the annual CGT exemption
*provided the option is not exercised before the third anniversary of the grant
But, you’ll be liable for
- USC (5 – 8%) and PRSI (4%) on any gains (i.e. the difference between the total market value of the shares acquired on exercise and the amount paid for the shares.)
- CGT if the gain exceeds your annual CGT allowance at the sale
Flexibility & Risk Free:
In addition to being flexible to save – as little as €12 or as much as €500 per month, you can get back the total savings once you complete the savings period in full, tax-free if you decide not to purchase the shares.
In our Equity Gateway, you can clearly view your share schemes or adjust, withdraw and suspend the payments in a few clicks. Want to know how it works? Contact us for a free demo.
Benefits of a SAYE for employers
Corporation Tax Deduction:
The costs incurred in setting up an approved SAYE scheme in Ireland are treated as a deduction in working out your company’s profits for corporation tax purposes.
Companies have great flexibility to decide on the level of discount given – from zero to 25% of the market value of the shares. Companies can also set a minimum service requirement for participants that can be set at a maximum of three years. Therefore, employers can choose to exclude relatively new workers.
Employee Retention and Loyalty:
The real advantages for a business though come from the sense of ownership, loyalty and accountability a SAYE scheme can give to an employee.
By committing to the scheme, an employee is much more likely to commit themselves to the company itself, both in the length of their service and the quality of that service.
What happens when employees leave the company
The participants will be provided with the right to exercise their options within 6 months of the date of cessation of employment if the reasons for leaving or their option situation is one of the following:
- The holding period for their options is over 3 years prior to the date of cessation
If the options have been held for less than 3 years the scheme must provide for the options to lapse.
SAYE scheme in Ireland vs the UK
If you search for ”SAYE scheme”, you’ll probably see many ”UK SAYE” results because the scheme is available in both Ireland and the UK.
As with Irish SAYE plans, a SAYE scheme in the UK is an all-employee tax-advantaged savings and share option scheme to provide employees with an opportunity to take a stake in their employing company. Check out our comparison table listing principal differences between Irish and UK SAYE plans.
If you want to roll out a SAYE scheme in Ireland or learn more about SAYE, give our team a call by filling in the form below.